His lasting legacy, however, is methodological rather than theoretical. It was by exhorting anthropologists to give up their comfortable position on the veranda of the missionary compound or government station and to go and live and work with the people they studied that he effected his real innovation: fieldwork.
Living with the people he studied, getting to know them personally, participating in their activities, and conducting his research in the vernacular has since become known as participant observation.
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His collection of monographs and numerous articles on the Trobriand Islanders is perhaps the most extensive ethnography of any people written to date. His magnum opus, Argonauts of the Western Pacific , published in , in which he describes the Kula ring a complex interisland exchange of arm shell bracelets and necklaces , is one of the first modern ethnographies.
A prolific writer, Malinowski tackled some of the most important and controversial topics of his day: economics, religion, family, sex, psychology, colonialism, and war. He insisted that a proper understanding of culture required viewing these various aspects in context. In , while attending anthropological meetings in Australia, World War I broke out and, although technically an enemy alien and under some restrictions, he received financial assistance from the Australian government to conduct research among the people of Mailu, a small island off the southeast coast of New Guinea.
Through this early work he realized his inability to speak their language and failure to live among them limited his understanding of their culture, and so, in June he made a new beginning in the Trobriand Islands off the northeast coast of New Guinea.
Bronislaw Malinowski's Concept of Law
During an eighteenth-month hiatus in Australia, he met his future wife, Elsie Masson. Malinowski left the field in After lecturing in ethnology at the LSE between and he was appointed to a readership in , and in to the Chair of Social Anthropology, a position he held until In he conducted research on change in cultures under colonialism and visited several of his students in South and East Africa. When Germany invaded Poland in , he was advised by the director of the LSE to stay in the United States, continuing as a lecturer and conducting fieldwork in Oaxaca, Mexico.
He had accepted a permanent post at Yale for the fall of , when he died suddenly of a heart attack, on 16 May The best biography is Young , although it ends in A more complete yet far less detailed biography is Urry Murdock is a good obituary by a contemporary. Bibliographies can be found in Murdock ; Firth ; and Ellen, et al.
Malinowski between two worlds: The Polish roots of an anthropological tradition.
Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. The papers focus on the Polish roots of his personal and intellectual development and his impact on modern anthropology. Firth, Raymond, ed.
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London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. A book of essays by former students and colleagues of Malinowski evaluating his contributions to functionalist theory, fieldwork methods, religion, and economic anthropology. Contains an extensive bibliography, including works published posthumously and about Malinowski.
Essential for those interested in Malinowski. Kuper, Adam.
In Anthropology and anthropologists: The British school in the twentieth century. By Adam Kuper, 1— Murdock, George Peter. American Anthropologist DOI: One of the better obituaries of Malinowski outlining his contribution to anthropology. Contains a bibliography of his writings.https://tesalrazzge.tk
Crime and Custom in Savage Society : Bronislaw Malinowski :
Stocking, George W. From fieldwork to functionalism: Malinowski and the emergence of British social anthropology. Du kanske gillar. Illusion in Painting Mateusz Salwa Inbunden. Spara som favorit. Skickas inom vardagar.
Bronislaw Malinowski's Concept of Law
This book discusses the legal thought of Bronislaw Malinowski , undoubtedly one of the titans of social sciences who greatly influenced not only the shape of modern cultural anthropology but also the social sciences as a whole. This is the first comprehensive work to focus on his legal conceptions: while much has been written about his views on language, magic, religion, and culture, his views on law have not been fairly reconstructed or recapitulated.
A glance at the existing literature illustrates how little has been written about Malinowski's understanding of law, especially in the legal sciences. This becomes even more evident given the fact that Malinowski devoted much of his scholarly work to studying law, especially in the last period of his life, during which he conducted broad research on law and "primitive jurisprudence".
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